Jim's Genie Jottings

A history of the Fleming, Jolliffe, Kessey and Murphy families of New South Wales - and their forebears

Person Page 3,225

James Reed

b. 14 December 1808, d. 30 January 1898

Person Exhibits

Birth

James Reed was born on 14 December 1808 at Ash Green in Trentham.1,2,3 He was baptized on 22 January 1809 at St Mary and All Saints church in Trentham, Stone, Staffordshire, England.1 He witnessed the baptism of James Reed on 5 April 1835 in Manchester, England.4 James Reed, the father of Alexander Reed, presented him for baptism on 26 July 1837 in Linden, NSW.5 James Reed witnessed the baptism of Sarah Ann Reed on 26 May 1844 in Sydney, NSW, Australia. Robert Luxford's "Reed Family History" mentions "When Sarah Ann Reed (born 21st March) was baptised on 26th May, 1844. the address was shown as York Street, so it appears that James Reed had set himself up in a shop on the corner just across the way from the Barracks which he had just left. Clearly, if the military life no longer held any appeal, the company of his old colleagues was still attractive (as also their custom)."6,7 He witnessed the baptism of Prudence Reed on 30 August 1846 in Sydney, NSW, Australia. Robert Luxford's "Reed Family History" mentions "another baptismal record - Prudence, August 1846 (born July). (Her father) had become a constable in Kent Street. Previously the babies were baptised in St James or St Philip's church, the two nearest the Barracks. Prudence was baptised at St Andrews which suggests that James was stationed at the watch immediately behind the still incomplete cathedral."6,8

Parents

FatherThomas Reed (b. August 1765, d. 17 February 1853)
MotherElizabeth Sutton (b. circa 1767, d. 1 April 1809)

Family life

James Reed and Frances Heazle were married on 28 June 1830 at Monkwearmouth in Sunderland. He was a bachelor and she a spinster.6,9,10,11

Children with Frances Heazle (b. 1812, d. 5 April 1895)

SonWilliam Reed (b. circa April 1831, d. before 1836)
SonJohn Benjamin Reed+ (b. circa 1832, d. 15 September 1881)
SonJames Reed+ (b. circa March 1835)
SonAlexander Reed+ (b. 10 July 1837, d. 21 November 1917)
DaughterPrudence Reed (b. circa 1839, d. before 1846)
DaughterSarah Reed (b. 20 November 1839, d. 1843)
DaughterEliza Emily Reed+ (b. 22 October 1841, d. August 1925)
DaughterSarah Ann Reed+ (b. 21 March 1844, d. May 1932)
DaughterPrudence Reed+ (b. 3 July 1846, d. 29 October 1940)
DaughterFrances Reed+ (b. 2 July 1848, d. 5 June 1922)
SonGeorge Charles Reed+ (b. 1850, d. 19 September 1909)
DaughterMary Ann Reed+ (b. 1852, d. 21 June 1934)
DaughterJane Reed+ (b. June 1856)

Residence information

James Reed was travelling on 13 January 1831 in Kephalonia.12 He was travel on 10 March 1831 in Portsmouth, England.12 He was travel on 30 May 1831 in Stafford, Staffordshire.12 He was travel on 5 January 1832 in Manchester, England.12 He was travel on 2 June 1832.12 He was travel on 3 June 1832 in Dublin, Ireland.12 He was travel on 10 October 1832 in Dublin, Ireland.12,13 He was travel on 11 October 1832 in Belfast, Northern Ireland. "While at Belfast many parties were sent out at different periods for the purpose of assisting the Civil Power in collecting tithes..."12,13 He was travel on 25 July 1833 in Belfast, Northern Ireland.12 He was travel on 7 April 1834 in Dublin, Ireland.12 He was travel on 24 April 1834 in Liverpool, England.12 He was travel on 1 May 1834 in Blackburn, Lancashire.12 He was travel on 17 October 1834 in Manchester, England.12 He was travel on 4 May 1835 in Liverpool, England.12 He was travel on 7 September 1835 in Chatham. They arrived at Chatham on 7 October 1835.12 He emigrated on 25 July 1836. "James Reed and his family embarked on the "Earl Grey" on 25th July, 1836. The military party considted of 5 officers, a sergeant and 29 rank and file, 3 officers' wives, five women and seven children. There were 45 in the crew."
"According to Surgeon Evans, the ship was new and very damp, so several of the guard suffered 'catarrhal affliction'. To dry out the ship, fires were burnt between decks and the barracks and prison 'dry holy stoned with hot sand and lime' - this during the voyage from Deptford to Kingstown, Ireland, to embark the convicts." "During the passage to Ireland little John Reed took sick with croup. ... The little boy was bled and given aperient powders to make him vomit, to the extent that his 'countenance became pale and sunk' and 'symptoms of sinking of the powers of life were manifest - the powders were discontinued...' - all on the first day! It took him two weeks to recover from this treatment."6 John and James traveled to on 27 August 1836. "The convicts were embarked in two groups - 91 at Kingstown and 192 at Cork, plus 'five free boys (the sons of convicts in the Colony)'. So the ship sailed on 27th August with 384 persons on board." "Sentry duty was carried out around the clock and the men on guard were regularly inspected by the officer in charge. Soldiers could be reported and punished for such offences as insolence, quarrelling, dirty weapons, sitting down while on guard, sleeping on guard or talking to the prisoners"6 John and James traveled to in November 1836. "The voyage took 126 days from Cork to Sydney. The surgeon's account indicates that generally it was without incident. He complains of the heat and expresses concern for the health of the convicts in his charge. At his insistence the vessel called at Capetown in November to take on 'fresh beef, mutton and vegetables for the Guard and convicts'. Scurvy was affecting a number of the convicts by this time, but it cleared up very quickly afterwards. In all, three convicts died on the voyage"6 James Reed immigrated on 31 December 1836 to Sydney, NSW, Australia. "The ship arrived in Sydney on 31st December 1836. 'The weather proved remarkably fine and unusually dry' wrote the surgeon. The next day the convicts were marched to the Barracks to be inspected by the Governor (Sir Richard Bourke). The safe arrival of the ship and its assorted company was briefly reported in the Sydney Gazette. The officers and their wives are mentioned by name. James Reed, his wife and children are not mentioned - just '29 rank and file of the 28th, 50th and 80th Regiments, 5 women and 7 children'."6,14 He lived at Sydney Barracks in Sydney, NSW, Australia, in January 1837. "Until July, 1837 the Regiment was based at Sydney Barracks. It then moved its headquarters to Windsor. It supplied detachments to a variety of locations to act as guards for convict work gangs."6 He was travel on 31 July 1838 in Windsor, New South Wales, Australian Colonies. "The detachment stationed hitherto at 17 Mile Hollow on the Bathurst Road was relieved by one from the 28th Regiment in July and rejoined Head Quarters."13 He was travel on 6 March 1839 in Illawarra, NSW, Australia. "From Sydney to Illawarra, 1 Sub, 2 Serjts and 30 R&File March 6th."13 He and Frances Heazle lived at Wollongong Stockade in Wollongong, NSW, Australia, on 7 November 1841.15 He and Frances Heazle lived at Nichol Street in Surry Hills, NSW, in 1842.16 He and Frances Heazle lived in a dwelling house at Clarence Street in Sydney, New South Wales, in 1848.17 He and Frances Heazle lived in a dwelling house at Clarence Street in Sydney, New South Wales, in 1851.18 He and Frances Heazle lived at 37 Cambridge Street, the Rocks, in Sydney, New South Wales, in 1861. It is possible that this record could relate to a different James Reed. The John Reed (waterman) who lived next foor could have been his son, John Benjamin Reed, then aged 29 years.19

Involvement in crime

James Reed was charged with drunkeness on 7 November 1845 in Sydney. FRIDAY.—James Reed, residing in Clarence-street, was charged by constable Tigh, with being drunk in that neighbourhood on the previous evening, and going through sundry evolutions with a knife, to the great danger of Her Majesty's lieges. Having professed contrition for his freak, together with a promise that he would "sin no more" backed by a good character, he was admonished and discharged.20 He was fined one pound for using obscene language to constable Hashan on 16 February 1865 in Bourke.21

Working life

  • On 11 June 1827 James Reed was a brickmaker in Stafford.3
  • On 7 November 1841 James Reed was a Private in the 80th Regiment at Wollongong Stockade in Wollongong.15
  • In 1844 James Reed was a self-employed grocer in Sydney. "Lew's 1844 Directory for the City of Sydney records James Reed, grocer, Barrack Lane."6
  • On 3 July 1846 James Reed was a constable at Kent Street in Sydney.8
  • In August 1846 James Reed was a constable at Kent Street in Sydney. "Another baptismal record - Prudence, August 1846 (born July). The grocer had become a constable in Kent Street. Previously the babies were baptised in St James or St Philip's chirch, the two nearest the Barracks. Prudence was baptised at St Andrews which suggests that James was stationed at the watch immediately behind the still incomplete cathedral."6
  • In July 1848 James Reed was a labourer at Clarence Street in Sydney. "In July 1848 when ... Frances was born her father was a labourer, residing in Clarence Street. Occupation and residence remained unchanged until at least June 1856 when their last child Jane was born."6
  • On 3 July 1868 James Reed was a granted a timber license in Bourke.22
  • In February 1870 James Reed was a publican at Mount Oxley in Bourke. "Old James' last major venture was to take up 80 acres near Mt Oxley, on the main road (as it then was) to Dubbo via Gongolgon. There he established the Mountain House Hotel in February 1870." He was granted a pre-emptive lease on 80 acres of land on 3 June 1870. This was just 14 months after he had acquired the land.6,23,24
  • In 1872 James Reed was an innkeeper at Mount Oxley in Bourke.25
  • On 14 January 1873 James Reed was a granted a publican's license at Mount Oxley in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia. The "Mountain House" Hotel was at the northern point of the northern hill at Mount Oxley. The building contained two sitting rooms and 3 bedrooms. The family may have been running a shanty there since about 1869.25,26
  • In July 1875 James Reed let his Mountain House Hotel business to Henry Johnson at Mount Oxley in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia. Henry Johnson was married to James Reed's daughter, Eliza. "Henry Johnson begs to inform the Public that having taken the above Hotel [The Mount Oxley Hotel] he is prepared to afford the best accommodation. Only liquors of the best brands are kept in stock. Travellers will find this an excellent stopping place and will be afforded every convenience. The Hotel being situated in country completely fenced in and an abundant supply of water being on the premises, affords advantages not usually to be had from wayside Inns. NB Cobb and Co's Coach passes by twice a week." His son, George Charles Reed, sold the Bourke Hotel to GS GIbb (his brother-in-law) at the same time.27
  • On 18 May 1879 James Reed was a publican.28

Property

James Reed purchased 2 roods of land for 8 pounds on 30 December 1864 at section 11 lot 3, Darling Street, in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia. This was one of three adjoining lots that he purchased at the same time.29,25 He purchased 2 roods of land for 8 pounds and 12 shillings on 30 December 1864 at section 11 lot 4, Darling Street (the Family Hotel), in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia.25,30 He purchased 2 roods of land for 10 pounds on 30 December 1864 at section 11 lot 5, corner Darling and Wilson Streets, in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia.31 He purchased land measuring 1 acre 3 roods and 13 perches on 10 November 1868 at Lot 1 section 33 in Gongolgon, NSW, Australia.32 He purchased land measuring 2 x 40 acres on 4 March 1869 at Mount Oxley in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia. The land was "at the point of Oxley's Tableland about 4 miles from Handcock's Selection". He built the "Mountain House" Hotel there. He sold this land for 2 x 50 pounds in 1887.33,34,25,23 He transferred 2 roods of land to his son-in-law Joseph Whye (licensed victualler of Gongolgon) on 13 August 1875 at section 11 lot 3, Darling Street, in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia.29,35 He transferred 2 roods of land to his son-in-law, Michael Brennan (painter of Bourke) on 13 August 1875 at section 11 lot 4, Darling Street (the Family Hotel), in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia.30 He transferred 2 roods of land to his son-in-law, James Murphy of Gongolgon on 25 April 1882 at section 11 lot 5, corner Darling and Wilson Streets, in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia.31 He sold 2 x 40 acres of land to the Johnson brothers on 4 August 1887 at Mount Oxley in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia. The purchasers were James Henry Johnson (portion 9) and Alexander George Oxley Johnson (portion 8) who each paid 50 pounds.33,34

Death

James Reed witnessed the death of William John Reed on 7 October 1865 in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia. He had been staying with his grandparents in Bourke for six months. He is the fourth person on record as having drowned at Bourke. Two drowned in 1863 (Empire Newspaper 23/2/1864) and Charles Banks drowned in March 1865 (Empire Newspaper 21/3/1865). The newspaper article must be mistaken about the identity of his parents. It states that his uncle James Reed was his father, but the baptism records clearly shows that his parents were John Reed and Eliza J. This is confirmed by the newspaper article about the later death of his sister, Frances Eliza Reed.25,36,37,38 James Reed died from senile decay on 30 January 1898 at age 89 at North Bourke in Bourke. "In their later years, (James and Frances Reed) lived with their daughter Sarah Ann and her husband Michael Brennan in North Bourke. The Brennan's fourth daughter Isabella was said to be the first white child born at North Bourke, in 1869. Frances died in April 1895 and James in January 1898, aged 88 and leaving, it was reported, nine surviving children, 'held in high esteem', 86 grandchildren and over 40 great grandchildren."6,9 He was buried on 31 January 1898 at Bourke cemetery, central eastern side, in Bourke.9,39

Memorial

There is a memorial to James Reed at Bourke Cemetery in Bourke, New South Wales, Australia. Follow this link for information and images of his memorial.

Citations

  1. [S1609] Staffordshire Baptisms, Baptism Register: D4480/1/5, page 130, St Mary and All Saints, Trentham
  2. [S1611] 35th Foot Soldiers, "UK Regimental Registers of Service", digital image, The National Archives, Kew, Ancestry.com (www.Ancestry.com : online 3 Jan 2022), WO25/373; citing UK War Office
  3. [S1619] 80th Regiment, "Nominal and descriptive roll 1804-1881", digital image, AJCP, Trove (https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-1379847363 : online 14 Jan 2022), number 665; citing M815
  4. [S1615] Baptism Register, 1835: page 42, St Philips church, Manchester
  5. [S1618] 1837, Baptism Register: number 321, Christ Church, Cumberland
  6. [S303] "Research Report: Reed family facts", 1986, Robert Luxford, to James Fleming (Sydney); Fleming Family History Archive, Sydney.
  7. [S1649] St James church (Sydney, NSW), Baptism, FHL film number 993955; digital index, Ancestry (www.ancestry.com.au : online index 1 Feb 2022).
  8. [S321] Baptismal Record: Reed, Prudence, Vol Vol 31, (30 August 1846), NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages, Sydney
  9. [S326] Death Certificate, James Reed, Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages, NSW, Vol 1898 No 5.
  10. [S405] Death Certificate, Frances Reed, Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages, NSW, Vol 1895 No 4274.
  11. [S1613] James Reed and Frances Heazle marriage, in Bishop's Transcripts, DDR/EA/PBT/2/182 number 587, St Peters church, Sunderland (Monkwearmouth), Durham
  12. [S1616] 80th Regiment, "Record of Stations 1793-1905", digital images, AJCP, Trove (http://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-1379847382 : online 14 Jan 2022); citing M815
  13. [S1617] 80th Regiment, "Diary 1793-1897", digital images, AJCP, Trove (https://nla.gov.au/nla.obj-1379847325 : online 14 Jan 2022)
  14. [S384] Surgeon's Journal: "Earl Grey" 1836, (MS, 1836); ADM 101, Archives Office of NSW; Kingswood.
  15. [S1652] Anglican churches (Sydney), page 8, St Michael's church, Wollongong, number 113, Eliza Reed, 7 Nov 1841; Sydney Anglican Church Diocesan Archives, Sydney
  16. [S1622] 1842-3, NSW, Country: "Citizen Roll", City of Sydney, Cook's Ward, number 184; Records NSW, Kingswood
  17. [S1624] 1848-9, NSW, Country: "Citizen Roll", Sydney, Brisbane Ward number 481, James Reed; Records NSW, Kingswood
  18. [S1625] 18451-52, NSW, Country: "Citizen Roll", Sydney, Brisbane Ward number 692, James Reed; Records NSW, Kingswood
  19. [S1663] JM Fleming, "Family Reed 1808 James Frances Heazle", Sands Street Index Sydney 1861, https://www.ancestry.com.au/discoveryuicontent/view/24592:1907?tid=&pid=&queryId=1b42be90a3de5e51b76a5c5e13bff7f8&_phsr; research summary, 2 Feb 2022; PDF held by James Michael Fleming. Online research findings in February 2022
  20. [S1623] Thomas Revel Johnson, "Police Reports", article, Bell's Life in Sydney, 8 Nov 1845, one paragraph; online, Trove (https://trove.nla.gov.au/newspaper/article/59766998), Newspapers and Gazettes
  21. [S1632] "Bourke", news article, Maitland Mercury, Maitland, 16 Feb 1865, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article18705660; online image, Trove (https://trove.nla.gov.au/ : accessed 28 Jan 2022), Newspapers and Gazettes
  22. [S1633] "Timber Licenses", notice, NSW Government Gazette, Sydney, 3 Jul 1868, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article225723485; online image, Trove (https://trove.nla.gov.au/ : accessed 28 Jan 2022), Newspapers and Gazettes
  23. [S1633] "Approved Claims for Pre-emptive Leases", notice, NSW Government Gazette, Sydney, 10 Jun 1870; online image, Trove (https://trove.nla.gov.au/), Newspapers and Gazettes
  24. [S1686] JM Fleming, "Publicans' Licenses at Bourke", Publicans' Licenses, page 624, NSW Government Gazette, 15 Mar 1870, http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article223287323; research summary, 18 Mar 2022; PDF held by James Michael Fleming. Online research findings in February 2022
  25. [S679] , History of Bourke Journal (Bourke NSW: Bourke and District Historical Society, 1966-1992.)
  26. [S1663] JM Fleming, "Family Reed 1808 James Frances Heazle", Reed family information, page 40, volume 9, History of Bourke Journal; research summary, 2 Feb 2022; PDF held by James Michael Fleming. Online research findings in February 2022
  27. [S1630] "The Mount Oxley Hotel", advertisement, The Central Australian and Bourke Telegraph, Bourke, 2 Aug 1875; print, National Library of Australia ( : transcribed by JM Fleming 1991)
  28. [S355] Marriage Certificate, James Murphy and Prudence Whye nee Reed, 18 May 1879, Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages, NSW. 1879/2580 (250.)
  29. [S1684] JM Fleming, "Family Reed land summary: The land dealings of the Reed family of Bourke", NSW land deed volume 38 folio 27; research summary, 12 Mar 2022; PDF held by James Michael Fleming. Online research findings in February 2022
  30. [S1684] JM Fleming, "Family Reed land summary: The land dealings of the Reed family of Bourke", NSW land deed volume 38 folio 28; research summary, 12 Mar 2022; PDF held by James Michael Fleming. Online research findings in February 2022
  31. [S1684] JM Fleming, "Family Reed land summary: The land dealings of the Reed family of Bourke", NSW land deed volume 38 folio 29; research summary, 12 Mar 2022; PDF held by James Michael Fleming. Online research findings in February 2022
  32. [S1627] Gongolgon Lot 1 sec 33 vol 85 fol 155; Purchase, Land Deeds; NSW Land Titles Office, Sydney
  33. [S1628] 40 ac North Bourke portion 9 CP 1 of 1869 Book 378 No 473; Transfer, Land Deeds; NSW Land Titles Office, Sydney
  34. [S1628] 40 ac North Bourke portion 8 CP 7 of 1869 Book 378 No 474; Transfer, Land Deeds; NSW Land Titles Office, Sydney
  35. [S1679] JM Fleming, "Family Reed 1846 Prudence Whye Murphy: The life of Prudence Reed, her husbands and children", lot 3 section 11, vol 38 fol 27 and vol 260 fol 197; research summary, 12 Mar 2022; PDF held by James Michael Fleming. Online research findings in February 2022
  36. [S1629] "Boy Drowned", News article, Empire, Sydney, 24 Oct 1865; online image, Trove (https://trove.nla.gov.au/ : online 27 Jan 2022), Newspapers and Gazettes; National Library of Australia
  37. [S1632] "Bourke", News, Maitland Mercury, Maitland, 22 Jul 1875, page 3; online image, Trove (https://trove.nla.gov.au/ : online 1 Feb 2022), Newspapers and Gazettes
  38. [S612] NSW Registry of Births Deaths and Marriages, Index to NSW Deaths, (Registry of BDM), 2454/1865 Bourke.
  39. [S1673] Gravestone for Frances and James Reed, Bourke, 1895, 1898, Bourke Cemetery, Bourke, NSW. (On the Cobar Road opposite the Golf Course). photographed personally
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ContextCh forebears
Ch Kessey forebears
Pedigree Murphy
Last Edited27 June 2022